How do you make a comfortable, energy-efficient home? That’s what we’ll be talking about today.
For many years, the answer has been to install central air conditioning systems that use electricity as their primary source of power. These systems are very common in homes and apartments across America, but they have some pretty big disadvantages.
First off, they’re expensive — both to purchase and to run. Second, they use lots of energy, which makes them bad for the environment. And third, they don’t always work as well as they should — sometimes they don’t cool the house at all, or they create too much humidity inside your home. It’s not an ideal situation.
The solution is geothermal heat pumps. They can provide comfort and efficiency like no other alternative. Let’s take a look at how they work and why they’re so great.
The concept of ground-source Soojuspumbad saaremaal (Heat pumps in Saaremaa) is not new. The technology has been the subject of patents since 1912 in Switzerland. The United Illuminating co
rporate headquarters in New Haven, Connecticut, houses one of the country’s oldest GSHP systems, which has been in operation since the 1930s.
What Are Geothermal Heat Pumps?
A geothermal heat pump is basically just a machine that uses heat from the ground to warm or cool your home. A geothermal unit is installed deep underground, where it collects the earth’s natural temperature into its core. The temperature of this “ground” is around 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15 Celsius). This core temperature acts like an infinite battery for your home. If you need more heat, the geothermal unit releases cold into its surrounding environment, and if you need less heat, the geothermal unit absorbs heat from its surroundings.
Here’s another example. Take a room that’s 10 feet wide by 15 feet long. Assume the walls of the room are insulated so that it stays between 55 and 65 degrees F all year round. Now imagine that you put a geothermal system in that room. The bottom plate would sit on top of the ground, and the top plate would be buried beneath the floor in the center of the room. As the Earth heats up during the day, it radiates that heat to the top plate. Then, when the sun goes down and the temperatures drop, the geothermal unit pulls heat out of the ground, and delivers it to the bottom plate located in the center of the room. By doing this, the room will stay comfortably warm throughout the night and through the winter months.
Why Do You Need To Use Geothermal Heat Pumps In Your Home?
You probably know that geothermal systems are really good at heating your home. That’s because they’re powered by the Earth itself. There’s no need to rely on fossil fuels, which means that you can save money on utility bills every month. Also, since geothermal units are powered by the Earth, they’re completely self-contained. No one needs to worry about finding or repairing any parts.
Another benefit of using geothermal units is that they can be installed anywhere in the world. That might sound strange, but it’s true: geothermal units can operate even in extremely cold climates such as Alaska and Siberia.
As a result of these characteristics, geothermal units are often used in areas with little to no sunlight. Because they’re powered by the Earth’s own heat, they can also help reduce dependence on foreign oil and coal.
But there’s another reason why geothermal units work so well: they’re efficient. They can extract heat from the earth efficiently, which means you get hot water without having to waste resources on heating a ton of water.
Now, let’s talk about how you can install geothermal units in your home.
Types Of Geothermal Heat Units
There are two basic types of geothermal units: closed loop systems and open loop systems. A closed loop system connects the ground directly to your house, while an open loop system does not connect to the ground. Here’s a quick rundown of each type.
Closed Loop Geothermal Units
These types of geothermal units work best in large residential properties, such as houses, condominiums, and apartment complexes. When working properly, these systems can keep your home heated without using any additional energy.
One thing to keep in mind is that the closed loop geothermal units won’t work well if your property sits on a slope. This is because gravity will pull the heat away from the unit. So, if you live on a hillside, you’ll want to consider installing an open loop system instead.
Open Loop Geothermal Units
These types of geothermal units are perfect for smaller properties. Open loop units aren’t connected to the ground, meaning they don’t require a huge amount of land area. For instance, they can easily fit onto small plots of land, such as single family homes.
Unlike closed loop systems, open loop geothermal units aren’t as effective at heating your home. However, they come in handy if you want to store extra heat in the summer and release it during the winter. The most important consideration here is whether or not your property sits on a slope. If it doesn’t, then an open loop system may be the right choice for you.
If you’d rather stick with a closed loop system, you should think carefully before choosing your location. Remember that you’ll need to find a spot that’s free of trees, buildings, and other obstructions. Otherwise, the heat from your closed loop system will be blocked by the structure.
While there are various ways that you can go about installing a geothermal system in your home, a couple of methods are more popular than others. Let’s take a closer look at each one.
Many people prefer to use the traditional method of installing a geothermal system in their home. In this process, a hole is dug in the ground, and a pipe is inserted into the ground below your property. Then, a second pipe is attached to the first pipe, and this second pipe extends back up to your house.
This method requires a lot of digging, and the final product is quite bulky. However, it’s still the preferred method for many homeowners who want to avoid drilling holes through their floors.
In recent years, geothermal companies have developed an alternative to the traditional method. Instead of digging holes into the ground, the drill-less method requires only a few inches of space underneath your property.
Once again, a pipe is inserted into the ground below your home. But instead of extending that pipe back to your house, a second pipe runs parallel to the first pipe. This second pipe extends up to your house, and it acts as a conduit for the heat that’s being pumped down into the ground.
Both of these methods are fairly simple, though you’ll still need to hire someone to dig out your basement or crawlspace. And depending on the size of your property, you may have to wait several weeks until the system is complete.
If you’re thinking about installing a geothermal system in your home, it’s time to figure out what type of system you want to choose. After all, there are plenty of different options available, and you need to pick the right one for your specific situation.
Next, it’s time to decide where to install the geothermal units. Once you’ve picked a place, you can start planning for the construction phase.